The Warsaw Ghetto was established by the Nazi in 1940. Step by step, the part of the city was surrounded by walls. The Poles who had been lived in this area were forced to move. On the other hand, the Jews who had lived outside this area were forced to move in. In a short time, more than 450, 000 Jews were moved into the limited space of the ghetto. They were forced to live within the area sized mere 2.6 km2 ! What is more, they were not allowed to leave the area of the ghetto.
The uprising in Warsaw Ghetto was an armed conflict between the German Wehrmacht and the Warsaw Jews who had to live in the ghetto. The fight began on 19 April 1943 but the tenacious Jewish resistance was broken very soon, on the 16th May 1943 by SS-Brigadeführer Jürgen Stroop, who later became the Gruppenführer. After the suppression of the Jewish revolt, when the rest of the revolting Jews was liquidated, Hitler ordered to wipe the ghetto from the map.
Today, the Warsaw Ghetto is a memorial dedicated to the Polish Jews suffering in the period of the World War II. The ghetto appeared in several films made by renowned directors, for example, in the Pianist by Roman Polanski.