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Ugarit is an archaeological site in Syria
. It was originally a city state, which saw its greatest expansion at the end of the Bronze Age. It is located near the town Latakia in the area of Ras Shamra, approximately 1 km from the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Ugarit was an important port city on the trade route with Cyprus copper. The area was supposedly settled already in the 8th millennium BC. The first preserved mention of Ugarit comes from the records of the city Ebla. After the fall of Ebla, Ugarit was abandoned, and it was settled again at the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC. In 1520 BC, it became a part of the Mitanni Kingdom. In the mid-15th century BC, Ugarit got under the influence of Egypt
. A hundred years later, the city was forced to conclude a treaty with the Kingdom of Amurru, which joined the side of the Hittites in their fight against Egypt
. Ugarit stayed under the influence of the Hittites until the decline of the Hittite Empire. By the end of the 12th century BC, the so-called "Sea Peoples" appeared in the area, and the city of the Hittite Empire, as well as a number of others, was no longer able to withstand the onslaught. Only the ruins of the temples of the gods Baal and Dagon, the royal tombs and the remains of the Royal palace have been preserved from this important port city Ugarit .
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Last update: Oct 19, 2012 7:25:30 PM