The Treblinka Camp was founded in 1941 and it was originally designed as a labor camp. In the following year, during the Operation Reinhard, the camp was changed into an extermination camp. The aim of the Operation Reinhard was the liquidation of Polish Jews. Two other extermination camps were established for the same purpose - Sobibor and Belzec .
Treblinka extermination camp was divided into two parts, Treblinka I and II. The first part was an administrative section - the headquarters.
The Treblinka II. was the extermination camp - here the prisoners were just sent into the gas chambers and then burned in a deep pit.
The camp was used until 2 August 1943. Working prisoners spilled kerosene on camp buildings and burned them down. Both the Nazi soldiers and many prisoners died during the revolt. By the uprising the operation of the camp was interrupted. The prisoners were shot to death. Last 30 Jewish girls were shot at the end of November 1943.
After the war archaeological activities were running at the site in order to find the relics of the victims. The monument to the victims of Nazi atrocities was installed in 1964. Thirty thousand people, including some surviving prisoners, were watching the respectful act on that day. The monument consists of several thousand stones scattered on the territory of the former camp. Recently, the monument has become a part of the Museum of War and Suffering in Treblinka.