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Best hotels in the city, Pensions, Apartment houses directly in the city, Hostels, Hotels in the centre, Cheapest accommodation, Luxury hotels, Map of hotels, Google satellite map, Syracuse tourist map, Bike routes, Street view, Trip planner, Syracuse and transport, ATMs in Syracuse, Parking in Syracuse, Petrol stations
Parrocchia S. Pietro Al CarmineReligion0.2km
Tempio di ApolloMonument0.7km
Porta marinaMonument0.7km
Santa Lucia al SepolcroReligion0.8km
Santuario della Madonna delle LacrimeReligion0.8km
Muzeum LacrimazioneMuseums0.8km
Parrocchia S. Giovanni Battista All'ImmacolataReligion1km
Cathedral of SyracuseCathedrals1km
Syracuse and Necropolis of PantalicaTemples1km
Duomo di SiracusaReligion1km
Puppet TheatreTheatre1km
Curia ArcivescovileReligion1km
Seminario ArcivescovileReligion1km
Arcidiocesi Di SiracusaReligion1km
Catacomba di San GiovanniReligion1km


Tourist information and destination rating

Category: Cities, Local time: 13:03:28, Tel.: +39 0931 709111, Official WWW website:

Syracuse is an ancient city on Sicily , an island off the southern coast of Italy . It is situated in the south-eastern part of the island. The city has more than 120,000 inhabitants. The local ancient monuments were added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site List in 2005.

Little bit of history

Syracuse was founded around 730 BC by colonists from Corinth. Shortly after the foundation of the city, it began to bloom and became an important colony of the Great Greece (Magna Graecia) . In antiquity, the city consisted of five cities: Ortygia, Achradina, Tyche, Epipolae and Neapolis. The Syracusans successfully defended the city from enemy raids until 212 BC, when the city fell into the hands of the Romans. After the disintegration of the Roman Empire, the city suffered from attacks of the Francs and Vandals. In 878, the city was conquered by the Arabs and thus lost its political importance. In the 11th century, the city was gained by the Aragonese people, who brought the city back its prestige. During the Second World War, Syracuse served as a naval port for the British fleet, the Royal Navy. Today, Syracuse is an important tourist and trade center of Sicily .

Historical monuments

The city attracts visitors especially to the archaeological findings of ancient Syracuse. At the archaeological site in the New Town, you can see two ancient theaters, one Greek and one Roman. The Greek theater was built in the 5th century BC on the slopes of the mountain Temenite. During the Roman reign, the theater was enlarged and is one of the biggest ones of its kind. However, it was seriously damaged during the construction of the city's fortifications in the 16th century. The Roman amphitheater comes from the 1st century BC and has the same ground plane as the Roman Colosseum . Another ancient well-preserved monument is the ancient altar of Hiero II from the 3rd century BC. The Old Town of Syracuse is situated on the Ortigia Island and is surrounded by fortifying walls. It is connected with the mainland, i.e. the New Town, by two bridges. There are many baroque monuments at the square del Duomo. There is a unique cathedral, originally a Greek temple of the goddess Athena from the 5th century. In the 18th century, a new baroque building was built upon the place of the Greek temple. The characteristic elements of the original ancient temple are still visible in the walls. Another big attraction is the pilgrimage church Santuario della Madonna delle Lacrime, which dominates the city Syracuse with its 74-meters high tower. Inside, you can see the painting of Madonna that reputedly shed tears in 1953.

Museums

The most visited museum is the Museo Archeeologico Regionale Paolo Orsi, where ancient artifacts from the surrounding region are stored.

Beaches

The city beach is not very good for swimming. However, there are two beautiful beaches with white sand nearly 15 km from the city, Spiaggia Fontane Bianche di Siracusa and Spiaggia Punta Asparano di Siracusa. There is a tourist complex at the latter one.

Sport

Syracuse offers many activities for water sports fans. The surrounding sea is perfect for diving and the vicinity of the Maddalena Peninsula is surfers' paradise.

Pros

nice people
a lot of things to do
nice weather
delicious meals
bustling destination
splendid sceneries
distinctive atmosphere
without snow
night life and amusement
concerts
mild climate

Cons

uncomfortable summer temperature
chilly in winter
rather expensive

Suitable for

shopping
history
nightlife
cruises
study
active vacation
health tourism
sport tourism

Why to go there?

old&new architecture

Transportation and means of transport

railway
air
trams

business travel (industry)

chemical


Information and Facts

GPS: 37.0671, 15.2866
Population: 100,000
Foundation (year): -734
Nearest airport: Catania / Fontanarossa Airport, 62 km
Coastline: Ionian Sea, 4.1 km
Last update: Oct 21, 2012 12:59:40 PM

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