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Local time: 00:44:07, Altitude: 853m
Socotra or Soqotra is a small archipelago that is a part of Yemen. It is located in the Indian Ocean about 350km from the Arabian peninsula. Socotra is the largest island with an area of 3625 km2. The other 3 islands and rock formations are uninhabited. The archipelago is one of the most isolated territories of continental origin. Socotra was part of the supercontinent Gondwana that included the territory of today's South America, Africa, Arabia, India, Australia, and the Antarctic. Thanks to the isolation of the islands, an extraordinary biodiversity of endemic flora has been preserved. More than a third of the 800 plant species present on the island Socotra are endemic. The most rare is the dragon's blood tree and its red sap is a sought after medicine. The islands are a refuge for a large number of species of birds and the only native mammal, a bat from Socotra. In 2008 the island Socotra was included in the UNESCO list of world natural heritage sites.
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Last update: Nov 10, 2012 2:01:48 PM