Concentration and extermination camps were built during the Second World War in order to arrest opponents of the Nazi regime and liquidate people who did not suit the Nazis from racial or other reasons. The extermination camp in Sobibor was established in March 1942. It was built opposite the railway station Sobibor. First prisoners were transported to Sobibor at the beginning of May 1942. The construction of the camp was organized by SS-Obersturmfuhrer Richard Thomalla and Franz Stangl. The building work was carried out by people from the surrounding villages and by about 80 Jews from nearby ghettos. As soon the work was done, the Jews were shot to death. At the beginning, the Sobibor extermination camp occupied an area of 600 x 400 m. Later, it was extended to a total area of 58 hectares. Between May 1942 and October 1943, approximately 250, 000 people were murdered in this camp.
On 14 October 1943, about 600 prisoners working in the camp rose against the Nazi despotism. Their leader was a Russian prisoner of war , Alexander Pecerskij. After the uprising in Treblinka of 2 August 1943, this was the second rebellion in the extermination camps. About 300 people ran away. Many of them were murdered on the run, the other died in the minefields around the camp. Those who could not escape from the camp, were also killed. A part of the rebels joined Russian partisans. Only about 50 former prisoners survived the war.
After the uprising, the camp was destroyed by the Nazis, and the site was rebuilt in a farm. The region was liberated by the Red Army soldiers and the Polish Army in the summer of 1944.
This story of the extermination camp was made into the film named "Escape from Sobibor." Currently, at the site of the former Sobibor, a monument to honor the victims, and a museum can be found. The museum presents the tragic events of our recent history which should never be forgotten.