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Tourist information and destination rating

Category: Cities, Local time: 09:53:41, Altitude: 547m, Official WWW website:

Pros

flat surrounding area

Transportation and means of transport

international airport


Information and Facts

GPS: 43.8593, 18.4145
Altitude: 547 m
Last update: 2012-10-22 03:26:42

Sarajevo: Reviews

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 Aura: 80Reviews: 562011-08-24 09:05:53
Sarajevo is the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina . It is situated in the valley of the same name, on the banks of the Miljacka River. The city is surrounded by the Dinar Mountains. The city has about 436,000 inhabitants. Sarajevo is known as a multicultural city, where Catholics, Orthodox Catholics, Jews and Muslims live side by side.

Glances into history

Sarajevo lies in the area that was known as Vrhbosna, a name still used by the Catholic diocese. The area has been inhabited since the Neolithic Era. Illyrians, Romans, Goths and later Slavs settled in the region. In 1239, the St Peter Cathedral was built. The citadel from 1263 was destroyed by the Ottoman army. In 1435, the city was conquered by the Turks, which greatly influenced the city's development, architecture and culture. Indoor markets, an aqueduct, a mosque, madrasas and an Ottoman fort were built there. In 1507, the today's name Sarajevo derived from Turkish was used for the first time. At the end of the 17th century, the city was plundered by the Austrian army and its boom came to an end. After the state of Yugoslavia was established under Josip Broz Tito, Sarajevo became the center of Bosnia and Herzegovina once again. During the Bosnian War, it was besieged from 1992 to 1995 and completely cut off from the rest of the world. Sarajevo suffered heavy damage in the war but it has already been reconstructed. However, there are still mines left in the surrounding mountains.

Monuments and culture

Thanks to many different cultures and religions that have influenced the history of Sarajevo, the city offers many various monuments. As the life of the locals is closely connected with religion, there are mostly buildings of sacral character. The most famous of them is the Ali-Pasha's Mosque, the most impressive sacral building of the Ottoman architecture at the Balkan Peninsula. Other places of interest include the Gazi Husrev-beg Mosque, the Cathedral of Jesus' Heart built in the neo-gothic style, the Sinan's Temple (monastery of Muslim monks) and the Latin Bridge from 1541. The city Sarajevo is dominated by the Sarajevo Library built in 1896 in the pseudo-Moor style. The National Museum and the Sarajevo Museum are placed in hundreds of years old buildings, as well as the many theaters in Sarajevo.

Sport

In 1984, Sarajevo became famous for hosting the XIV Winter Olympic Games, the first games held in a socialist state. Many sport facilities from the Olympics have been preserved up to these days. There are two first-league football teams in the city, FC Željezničar and FC Sarajevo.

Transport

Sarajevo is going through a major renovation of the city's infrastructure. The Sarajevo International Airport, also known as the Butmir Airport is located south-west of the city. Public transport is provided by several tram and trolleybus links and a network of buses.

Cities around

SarajevoPale (13km)