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Tapia theatreBuildings0.2km
Puerto Rico Capitol BuildingTown halls0.2km
Banco PopulaireBanks0.2km
Fort San CristobalCastles 0.2km
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Legislative Reference Libraries0.5km
Museum of the SeaMuseums0.5km
Pharmacy MuseumMuseums0.7km
Museo del Grabado LatinamericanoMuseums0.7km
Museum of our African RootsMuseums0.8km
Museo de Nuestras Raices AfricanasMuseums0.8km
Museo de San JuanMuseums0.8km
Museo de Pablo CasalsMuseums0.8km
Pablo Casals Museum0.8km
Museo del NinoMuseums0.9km
Casa del LibroMuseums0.8km


Tourist information and destination rating

Category: Cities, Local time: 18:54:44, Official WWW website:

San Juan is a port and the capital city of the Caribbean island Puerto Rico . The city is situated in the northern part of the island, on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, at the bay San Juan. The historical center of San Juan and the forts are World Heritage Sites UNESCO.

Historical background of the city

San Juan is the cultural, trade and tourist center of the country. The area of the today's city has been inhabited since 1508. In 1521, the Spanish founded a city there. It was called San Juan Bautista Puerto Rico along with the surrounding islands. The name was split up in 1746 because it was confusing to call the city and the island the same. The city was called San Juan Bautista and the island only Puerto Rico. San Juan is the oldest city in Puerto Rico . The city was an important port and trade center. Due to its location, it faced many attacks from sea. As a result of that, many defense ports have been built on the coast: the Fort San Felipe delta Morro in the 16th century, the Fort San Cristobál in the 17th century and the Fort El Palacio de Santa Catalina also called La Fortaleza in the 16th century. La Fortaleza used to be the residence of the governor.

UNESCO Sites

Apart from the forts, there are many other historical monuments from the colonial era in San Juan. The historical center of the city, which is on the World Heritage Site List UNESCO (Old San Juan) , is situated in the western part of the small island Isleta de San Juan. The island is connected with the mainland by two bridges and an embankment. The historical center is surrounded by well-preserved fortification walls. In the very center of the old part of the city, you can walk through narrow cobbled lanes with beautiful colonial buildings from the 16th and 17th century. There are governmental buildings, the town hall Alcaldia, the church San José from 1523, the El Covento Hotel, the house Casa Blanca, the theater Teatro Tapia, the former Spanish barracks- today the Museum of Ballajá, the former city prison- today the history museum La Princesa, the cathedral San Juan Bautista with the tomb of the Spanish founder of cities.

Beach near the city

East of the Old San Juan, there is the popular and sought-after Condado Beach. Next to the beach, there is an interesting ocean park.

Oldest university on the island

Colleges and universities are situated in the southern part of the city. There is also a botanic garden there. In this part of the city, called Rio Piedras, there is the oldest university on the island, the University of Puerto Rico, founded in 1903.


Information and Facts

GPS: 18.4663, -66.1105
Altitude: 15 m
Foundation (year): 1509
Is is the capital?: Yes
Nearest airport: Luis Munoz Marin International Airport, 12 km
Last update: Oct 22, 2012 7:32:27 AM

The information has not been confirmed by the owner yet

This information is provided by the community of TIXIK users and is waiting for confirmation by the owner. You should rather check the information at the offical website. http://www.sanjuan.pr

The information has not been confirmed by the owner yet Pros: near the highway, UNESCO, near large towns, important birthplace, sauna, forests
The information has not been confirmed by the owner yet Cons: unpleasant humidity
The information has not been confirmed by the owner yet Other services: bar, rent-a-car company, lawyer services

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