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Tourist information and destination rating

Category: Cities, Local time: 03:40:55, Official WWW website:

Pros

nice people
nice weather
delicious meals
inexpensive
easy-to-access

Suitable for

shopping
history
festivals
active vacation
health tourism

Why to go there?

religious monuments

Transportation and means of transport

air


Information and Facts

GPS: 45.0068, 19.8162
Distance from the capital city: Belgrade, 65 km
Last update: 2012-10-21 21:56:25

The information has not been confirmed by the owner yet

This information is provided by the community of TIXIK users and is waiting for confirmation by the owner. You should rather check the information at the offical website. www.ruma.rs

The information has not been confirmed by the owner yet Pros: nice people, nice weather, delicious meals, inexpensive, easy-to-access, mild climate
The information has not been confirmed by the owner yet Cons: far from the airport

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Ruma: Reviews

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 Aura: 69Reviews: 1242011-08-24 10:07:18
Ruma is a Serbian city in the Vojvodina Region. It is located approximately 70 km to the north-west from the capital city of Belgrade .

History of the city

The locality of the city Ruma has been populated since ancient times. The most famous local archaeological site is Gomolova Hrtkovaca. The first inhabitants of this region were of Illyrian and Celtic origin. People were gradually accepting the Roman culture during the time when the Roman Empire controlled this region. Although no larger Roman settlements have been discovered, there are a few original farm-houses known as Roman residences in the vicinity of the city.

The defeat of the Roman culture

The migration of Huns, Germans, Avars and Slavic people in the upcoming years destroyed the Roman culture. The first written record of the village Ruma comes from 1566. In that time, it was inhabited mainly by Serbians who paid taxes to the Turks . In 1718, after the Austrian -Turkish war, Ruma got under the control of the Habsburg Monarchy, which lasted for the next 200 years.

The new city

In 1746, a new city with wide streets arranged in right angles was built in the area of today’s Ruma. Its first inhabitants were Serbians from the area and immigrants from Germany . On July 20th 1747, Ruma gained the status of a free city with the right to host annual and weekly fairs due to the Charter of Empress Maria Theresa.

Mark Pejacevic

Along with the development of the city Ruma, farming activities in the demesne in the surrounding area were booming as well. The founder of the agriculture in this region was Baron Mark Pejacevic. The heyday lasted from the second half of the 19th century until the beginning of the 20th century, and local agricultural products were awarded with numerous international prizes.

The city of many nations

The rapid economical and social growth of the city Ruma affected its look, too. During the Hungarian revolution in 1848, Ruma was an important centre of the Serbian national movement in Syrmia Region. According to the 1910 census, Ruma had about 50 000 inhabitants, of which 48 % spoke Serbian, 32 % German, 12 % Hungarian and 8 % Croatian . The development was slowed down during the First World War. On November 24th 1918, after the Habsburg Monarchy was defeated, Ruma became a part of the Kingdom of Serbia.

Second World War

Before the Second World War broke out, Ruma was an important centre of the German minority. In 1941, it was taken over by the occupational army. Many locals of non-German nationality participated in the resistance movement. Ruma was liberated from the Nazis on October 27th 1944. Most of the Germans left the city before the city’s liberation.

The present Ruma

Today’s Ruma is a cultural and educational centre. There is the Native Museum (1772) and the unique City Library (1861) . Amateur concerts, theatre performances and other cultural events are organised under the auspices of the Centre of Culture. There are 15 historical monasteries in the near national park Fruska Gora and four churches right in Ruma: church Nikolajevska, Voznesenska, the church of "Sosestvija Svetog Duha" (a Greek church) and the Roman-Catholic Church of "Svetog Kriza". Today, Ruma has over 32 000 inhabitants.

Cities around

RumaSremska Mitrovica (16km)Vrdnik (14km)Stara Pazova (27km)Sremska Kamenica (24km)Novi Sad (28km)Backa Palanka (43km)