|Puente de la Alcanzorla||15km|
|Castillo de Villaviciosa de Odon||33km|
|Castillo de Alameda||49km|
|Aranjuez Cultural Landscape||77km|
Real Monasterio de San Lorenzo de el Escorial was built between 1563 and 1584 on order by King Philip II. It is designed in the style of late renaissance and early baroque. The main architect was Juan Bautista Alfonsis de Toledo. After his death, the building work was completed by his assistant, Juan de Herrera. The premises were originally designed as a mausoleum for Spanish kings, a roayal palace and educational facilities. Real Monasterio de San Lorenzo de el Escorial is one of the largest building complexes in Spain . Its ground plan is a rectangle with dimensions 206 m and 161 m. There are total 1200 doors and 2600 windows. The monastery is surrounded with terraces and six towers: four of them are situated along the perimeter and two are seated in the middle. More than 1500 workers participated in the building work. The buildings of Real Monasterio de San Lorenzo de el Escorial are created of white-and-grey granite. The decorations in the monastery interiors come from significant artists and sculptors, e.g. El Greco, Tizian, Michelangelo and Velázquez.
In the premises of Real Monasterio de San Lorenzo de el Escorial you will come across San Lorenzo el Real Basilica, located in the middle of the complex of buildings. In addition, you can visit a magnificent library (length 44 m, width 9 m, height 10 m) . The library building is equipped with carved shelves that carry some 40 000 books. The royal palace built under Philip II is located behind the Basilica. Next to it, you will see Pantheon de Reyes (royal tomb) and Pantheon da Infantes (the place where princes - throne successors - are buried. Both buildings are decorated with marble and bronze.
The admission in the Real Monasterio de San Lorenzo de el Escorial is €8 for adults and €6 for children. The facility is open from April to September, Tuesday to Sunday from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. From October to March the opening hours are (Tuesday to Sunday) from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. In 1984 the Real Monasterio de San Lorenzo de el Escorial was added to the list of the UNESCO World Heritage UNESCO .