|Campo de Fiori||0.5km|
|Statue of Moses||1km|
|Ninfeo di Egeria||6km|
|Rovine del Tuscolo||22km|
|Necropoli della Via Osteinse||22km|
|Caserma dei Vigili||22km|
In 27 BC, a Roman leader Marcus Agrippa had the Pantheon built. The temple was devoted to a trinity of Roman gods. In 125 AD the Emperor Hadrian had the temple reconstructed and renovated. During the reign of Pope Boniface IV, Pantheon became a Christian temple which protected it against burning and destruction. Before the dedication, it used to be a pagan building.
Pantheon is considered a genius building. There is an opening in the middle of the dome called the oculus and thanks to the unique architectonics of the building, the rain is carried away through drains in the floor. Oculus serves as the sun clock — at noon the sun shines directly onto the entrance door of the temple.
The ceiling is made of sunken panels. This type of ceiling appears also in Vatican museums and in the dome of the Basilic of St. Peter in Vatican . Every visitor’s sight gets caught by the back part of the temple. You can see the original height level of Ancient Rome there. All of the buildings of that era were built more than one meter below the ground level of today.