Tourist information and destination rating
Category: Museums, Local time: 03:35:08,
Address: Nerubais'ke, Odes'ka oblast, Ukraine
Museum of Partisan Glory is an underground museum that commemorates operations of thirteen partisan groups in the underground catacombs under the city Odessa and its surroundings during the Second World War. The museum is situated about 10 km to the north from Odessa, near the village of Nerubayskoye. The village was founded at the end of the 18th century by Cossacks from the Black Sea region. The exact total length of the labyrinth tunnels stretching out under the city of Odessa and surrounding region in not known but it is estimated over 2000 kilometres.
Museum of Partisan Glory was built upon the foundations of an underground partisan base. The new museum building is located above the surface but most of the tours take place in the catacombs. They are accessible only with an experienced guide as it is very easy to get lost there.
The exposition consists of three parts. The first section is dedicated to the revolutionary past of the Odessa city. The second section will guide you along 73-day-long defence of the city in 1941 when the catacombs were used as an air-raid shelter. The third part pictures the history of citizens´ resistance against fascism and the partisan movement during Odessa’s occupation.
In the Museum of the Partisan Glory, you will come across partisans’ drawings made on stones. You can also see underground places adjusted for living, workrooms, a bakery, a kitchen, shower rooms, a dry-room for boots and clothes, a weapons store and a shooting-range.
V. Molodcov’s partisan brigade
The underground base of the partisan group led by V. Molodcov-Badajev was located in the catacombs from 1941 to 1942. Molodcov led many successful operations in the enemy’s rear. The group counted seventy people who worked in two groups. One group was in charge of the catacombs complex; the other used to live in conspiratorial flats in the city and brought information from the outside. In February 1942, V. Molodcov and other partisans were betrayed and consequently arrested. They all died but never betrayed the rest of their group, who joined other partisans and continued fighting.
The main base of the Badajev´s group is located a few kilometres from the entrance. A couple of objects, such as the guard-post, the out-guard n.1 or the well that connected the partisans with their people outside -scouts - have been preserved up to these days. It is interesting that the scouts from outside would send their messages in a bucket descending down the well: afterwards, they just pulled it up, full of water. You can also see the “underground school” where everything is carved in the rock.
Information and Facts
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Last update: Oct 19, 2012 7:38:50 PM