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Krasny Oktyabr Chocolate Factory & MuseumMuseums0.2km
Patriarshy BridgeBridges0.2km
Peter the Great MonumentMonuments0.3km
Dom Na NaberezhnoyMuseums0.3km
Cathedral of Christ the SaviourCathedrals0.4km
Peter the Great StatueSculptures0.4km
Bolotnaya SquareSquares0.5km
Bolshoy Kamenny BridgeBridges0.5km
Glazunov GalleryGallery0.5km
Tretyakov GalleryGallery0.6km
Gallery of European & American ArtMuseums0.6km
Kropotkinskaya Metro StationPublic transport stations0.6km
Pushkin Museum of Fine ArtsMuseums0.6km
Museum of Private CollectionsMuseums0.6km
Rerikh MuseumMuseums0.7km


Tourist information and destination rating

Category: Cities, Local time: 00:06:54

The capital city Moscow is a sought-after city in Russia, offering tourist a large portfolie of tourist attractions.

Pros

distinctive atmosphere
tasty beer
breathtaking architecture
bustling destination
delicious meals
nice weather
nice people
has an amusement park
UNESCO

Cons

rather expensive
overcrowded
poor or deceitful service
run-down buildings
chilly in winter

Suitable for

history
nightlife
cruises
shopping
sport tourism
study

Why to go there?

religious monuments
historical centre
old&new architecture
skyscrapers
political centre

Transportation and means of transport

air
metro
trams
railway

business travel (industry)

textile
chemical
food processing


Information and Facts

GPS: 55.7422, 37.611
Altitude: 124 m
Population: 1,1 5,00 ,000
Is is the capital?: Yes
Last update: Oct 23, 2012 8:43:51 PM

Moscow: Reviews

Show the reviews:
 Aura: 69Reviews: 124Aug 24, 2011 10:06:24 AM
Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation and one of the biggest European cities. It has more than 10 million inhabitants. It is the political, economical and cultural centre of the Russian Federation- the largest country in the world.

Foundation of the city

Medieval settlement in the area of today’s Moscow dates back to the half of the 12th century. The first village grew up upon the farmstead of boyar Kučka. The farmstead was called Kučkovo or Moscow after the homonymic river that flows through it. The first written record of the city’s foundation comes from 1147, when Prince Yuri Dolgorukiy founded the fortress Kremlin. Due to Moscow’s strategic location at the junction of trade routes, a fortified trade centre was developed.

Suzdal Princes and residence of the Russian metropolitans

The growth of power of the Suzdal Princes, who were the leading noble family, was essential to the future role of Moscow. Moscow was in the centre of their dominion and thus gained a very important role. Another significant moment was the inflow of inhabitants- refugees from the south of Russia- who were suffering from nomad raids. The next step was the relocation of the Russian metropolitans to Moscow and building of the five stone cathedrals by the Metropolitan Theognost and Ivan I (Ivan Kalita) . This is how Moscow became the religious centre of Russia.

Nomad raids and the Battle of Kulikovo

Moscow was quite a big city for its time and it was attractive to the Tatar army that regularly plundered it. One of the most important dates of Moscow’s history is therefore the Dmitry Donskoy’s defeat of the Tatar army in the Battle of Kulikovo in 1380.

Fire of Moscow and following reconstruction

Two years later, khan Tokhtamysh led a retaliatory raid on Moscow and perfidiously captured it, while breaking a promise. He plundered and burnt down the city and murdered more than 24,000 men, women and children. The strong leader Ivan III definitely broke the city free from the Mongolian-Tatar nomads in the Battle of the Ugra in 1480. Together with his wife, the byzantine princess Sophia Palailogovna, they participated in the reconstruction and development of the city’s architecture. In that time, the Uspensky Cathedral, Arhcangelsky Cathedral and Blagoveshchensk Cathedral were built. The outer walls and towers of the Kremlin Fortress were finished and many new stone building were built.

Invasions of enemy armies

In the beginning of the 17th century, Moscow was temporarily invaded by Polish soldiers. It was liberated in 1612. In1812, Napoleon captured Moscow for some time but this victory unleashed a patriotic war in which the French forces were defeated. In December of the same year, only about 20 000 soldiers were returning from the original 450, 000 French soldiers and their allies. Another turning- point of Moscow’s history was the year 1941. On September 30th 1941, the Panzergruppe 2 led by Heinz Guderian launched the assault on Moscow. The fights lasted until April 1942 when the German Nazi army was defeated. This eventually led to the turning of events in World War II and resulted in the victory of the allied anti-Nazi forces.

Moscow- a city of culture and education

Despite all the misfortunes, Moscow developed in the city with cultural and intellectual treasures and it is considered as one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Today’s Moscow offers more than 60 universities. It is also the official residence of the patriarch of the Orthodox Church.

Cities around

MoscowKrasnogorsk (19km)Khimki (19km)Mytishchi (20km)Balashikha (22km)Odintsovo (23km)Nakhabino (29km)Pushkino (33km)Domodedovo (34km)

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