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Category: Technical monuments, Local time: 02:48:44, Altitude: 1144m
The Marib Dam is a barrier in the valley of Dhana, near the town of Marib, in Yemen
. The current dam was built near the old great Marib Dam, dating back roughly to the 7th century BC. Archaeological discoveries show that the formation of the first simple dams and irrigation networks existed in the area as early as 2000 BC. The construction of the large Marib Dam started between 750 BC and 700 BC, at the time of the legendary Kingdom of Saba. The construction of the first Marib Dam lasted several centuries. The dam was 580 m long and 4 m high. Around 500 BC, it was heightened by additional 7 m. The Marib Dam was reconstructed after the fall of the Kingdom of Saba in 115 BC. The sophisticated construction had five by-channels, locks, a pond and a 1,000 m long aqueduct to supply water tanks. The construction of the Marib Dam was completed in 325 AD, and it allowed to irrigate 100 km2
. The current Marib Dam was built in 1986. The dam wall is 763 m long with a capacity of 398 million cubic meters. The Marib Dam spreads about 5 km from the original dam.
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Last update: Oct 19, 2012 7:25:23 PM