Kościuszko Mound was erected by Cracovians in commemoration of the unforgettable Polish national leader and fighter for freedom in Poland and the USA , named Tadeusz Kosciuszko, not long after his death. The construction began in 1820 and it was completed three years later (in 1823) . It was inspired by the legendary prehistoric mounds of Krak and Wanda. The diameter at the base is 80 metres, at the top 8.5 metres, the height reaches 34.1 metres. At the foot of the mould, robust fortifications were added in 1846, built by the Austrians. It was planned during the Second World War that Kościuszko Mound must be destroyed but, fortunately, it did not happen. In the course of the following periods, Kościuszko Mound was reconstructed several times. The last remodelling was done at the turn of the 20th/21st centuries as Kościuszko Mound was damaged by floods.
You can enter in the mould, passing through a little neo-gothic chapel with an exposition dedicated to Tadeusz Kosciuszko. The top of the mould offers gigantic views of the city ofKrakow and local monuments, such as Wawel Castle and Wawel Cathedral , as well as the surrounding landscape. At evenings the mould is provided with artificial light. At present, Kościuszko Mound is home to the Military Museum and several temporary and permanent expositions. Tourists can visit, for example, the exposition about the life of Tadeusz Kosciuszko or a truly unique display of wax figures. A part of the premises is a little café.
Kościuszko Mound is open for the public around the year, daily from 9. a.m. until the dusk. The museum is open from 9.30 a.m. to 3 p.m., 4. p.m., 5 p.m., 6 p.m. or 7 p.m. (depending on the season of the year) . Admission (Mould) : 8 zł (standard ticket) , 6 zł (reduced admission) , 14 zł (family ticket) . Admission (Wax figures) : 8 zł (standard ticket) , 6 zł (reduced admission) and 12 zł (family ticket) .