Kolmanskop was built in 1908 during the period the of Namibia Diamond Rush. The city Kolmanskop was named after a driver called Johnny Coleman, as it was one of those cities which provided facilities and background services for workers and miners. The original structure of the city included typical elements of German cities. There was a hospital, a dance hall, a power plant, a school, a theater, a casino, an ice-making factory - and the the first X-ray station on the southern hemisphere. There was a tram transportation and there was a railroad between Kolmanskop and the port city Lüderitz .
After the First World War the interest in the diamonds in this place dropped as other, more significant deposits of diamonds were discovered. Since 1956 the city Kolmanskop was abandoned, and after some time the sand from the Namib Desert covered the buildings in Kolmanskop. Anyway, there are a couple of buildings you can see when you come. Perhaps the best preserved one is the former mine manager's house. Kolmanskop can be seen in the movie King is Alive and Dust Devil. As the "ghost town", the locality is frequently visited by tourists from all corners of the world.