In the greenhouses the visitors can see the breathtaking plants of the tropical areas. The Janos Tuzson Botanical Garden is occupying an area of almost 6 hectares, and can be observed only during a several hours long visit. The garden's look is changing from month to month, thanks to its huge plant collection. Those who have already visited this place know that its worth seeing it, because people can admire here the rare species of the flora in their natural environment. This unique collection offers new wonders each season, both outside and in the greenhouses.
The Janos Tuzson Botanical Garden in Nyíregyháza is situated near the Sóstó Forest. In 1972 the Felső-tiszai Wood and Forest Processing Farm offered 4,5 hectares of forest to the Teacher Training College in order to establish an arboretum. This land was under the administration of the farm, but located in the interior of the city. The construction of the arboretum proper started in 1973.
Until 1984, the Janos Tuzson Botanical Garden was a part of the University's Department of Botany, and it is still closely linked to it as the department's "living laboratory". By 1984, the following parts of the garden were finished: the systematic area, the lake and its surroundings, the rockery, the forest introducing different groups of plants, the two wooden houses, the two large plastic greenhouses and also the garden's water and electricity supply system. The first part of the palm-house was opened in 1984, the cacti-house was opened in 1992, and finally the Mediterranean house was opened in 1997. In 1990, the Cacti-house Foundation has been founded. Since then it has been a great help to the development and maintenance of the garden.
For more than 10 years, the garden regularly publishes the seed exchange catalog - INDEX SEMINUM. Thanks to this publication, the garden holds scientific, purchasing and exchanging relationships with almost 250 similar institution all over the world.
In 1998 Janos Tuzson Botanical Garden was proclaimed a Protected Natural Area. Its territory has grown from 4,5 hectares to 5,6 hectares.
Today, there are more than 2500 species of plants, and the annual volume of visitors is more than 20 000 people. The progress has not stopped. In 2005 a house for useful tropical plants has been erected, and at a place called "The Tree of Life" a display of bulbous and annual plants has been opened. Over this display, a bridge called "The Scenery Bridge" has been built, so that the visitors can see the whole colorful spectacle the plants create, and not only the single plants. The part of the garden devoted to plants from Asia, China and Japan (the Far East) has been finished in 2007. A Plant Labyrinth and an adventure park called Huszár-Játszókert has been opened in 2009. The plan for 2010 was the reconstruction of the Rockery, which today gives shelter to approximately 6000 plants. In 2011 the "Dance of the Seasons" movie has been finished, which shows the garden during the four seasons of the year.
The most famous blooming wonder of the Janos Tuzson Botanical Garden is a water-lily from the Amazonas - Victoria Amazonica and Victoria Cruziana. After long years of hard work and countless experiments, the gardeners were able to successfully grow and reproduce this tropical flower. In blooming season, it offers a unique sight. When the bud opens, the greenhouse is filled with the scent of pineapple. Unfortunately, this wonder lasts only for two days. On the first night, the flower opens its white petals and waits for the pollinating insects. At dawn the flower closes its petals, together with the insects. On the second night, the petals turn dark pink, and after the pollination the flower opens its petals and lets out the insects. During the second night, the fertilized flower sinks to the bottom of the water. There, in the depth of the water the flower ripens and yields crops. In its homelands, the fruits' seeds are crushed and used as flour. One plant can bring 20-25 flowers, enabling the visitors to see this wonder several times. Not only the blooming, but also the leaves of this plant are marvelous. They are 2-3 m in diameter, floating on the water like an air-mattress, and they can easily hold a small child.
Opening hours: In the summer: 1 April - 31 October, Monday - Friday: 8.00-16.00. Saturday, Sunday and on holidays: 10.00-18.00 In the winter: 1 November - 31 March, Monday - Friday: 8.00-16.00. Saturday, Sunday and on holidays: 10.00-16.00. For groups announced in advance we can provide a guided tour through the garden for a fee.
Tuzson János Botanikus Kert Address: H-4400 Nyíregyháza, Sóstói út 31/b, Hungary Post address: H-4401 Nyíregyháza, Pf.:166. Tel.: (+36) 42/599-414 Fax: (+36) 42/402-485 Internet: http://www.botkert.nyf.hu