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Tourist information and destination rating

Category: Cities, Local time: 20:17:47, Official WWW website:

Jakarta is the largest city and also the capital of Indonesia . The city is situated on the northwestern side of the island of Java and it covers an area of 661 square metres. Jakarta is an important centre of tourism: visitors can find here fun parks, tourist services, hotels, restaurants, and many historical monuments. Most tourists come from the inland and from the surrounding countries. Visitors from abroad usually use the city as a changing station to other popular places such as: Bali and Yogyakarta .

Origins

The first inhabited territory was the area around the harbour. The settlement and the harbor were named Kalapa. In the 12th century, this was the main harbour of the Kingdom of Sunda, that is why even today the harbour is still called Sunda Kalapa. In 1527 the port became the domain of the Sultanate of Banten. On 22dn June of the same year, the city of Kalapa was renamed to Jaykarta. This day is considered the day of the establishment of Jakarta. In 1619 the city was occupied by Dutch troops, who gave the city a new name - Batavia. In 1921 the city became the capital of the Dutch East India. In 1811, the island was invaded by the British. The city received its current name - Jakarta, only after it became the domain of Japan in 1942. In 1949, Indonesia was established with Jakarta as its capital. In the district Koka, visitors can still see the remains of the fortification from the 16th and 17th centuries.

Attractions and Historical Buildings

The most interesting places in Jakarta are the National Museum of Indonesia, the Masjid Istiqlal Mosque and the Monas monument. The museum was built in 1778, it was also called Gedung Gajah ("the Elephant Building") because of the statue in front of it. The Masjid Istiqlal Mosque is the largest building of its kind in Southeast Asia. The construction of the mosque began in 1961, and lasted 17 years. The mosque covers an area of 5 hectares. The Monas Monument, or the so-called Suharto's Monument, is a symbol of Indonesia's fight for independence. The monument, built by the dictator Suharto, was completed in 1975. In the height of 100 m, there is an outlook gallery in the monument. In Jakarta, visitors can see many more sacral building, e.g. the Chinese temple Dharma Djaya, Jewish synagogue and a Christian church. In present days, Jakarta has about 9 million inhabitants, however there are more than 18 million people in agglomeration.

Pros

nice people
cosmopolitan city
nice weather
delicious meals
bustling destination
distinctive atmosphere
multicultural city
inexpensive
night life and amusement
good public transportation system
concerts

Cons

heavy traffic
language barrier

Suitable for

shopping
history
nightlife
cruises
art
active vacation
health tourism

Why to go there?

old&new architecture
skyscrapers
political centre

Transportation and means of transport

railway
air
trams

business travel (industry)

engineering
aerial
IT


Information and Facts

GPS: -6.2139, 106.847
Altitude: 6 m
Population: 1,2 0,00 ,000
Is is the capital?: Yes
Coastline: Java Sea, 48 km
Last update: Oct 23, 2012 8:43:49 PM

The information has not been confirmed by the owner yet

This information is provided by the community of TIXIK users and is waiting for confirmation by the owner. You should rather check the information at the offical website. http://www.jakarta.go.id/

The information has not been confirmed by the owner yet Cons: heavy traffic, language barrier, unpleasant humidity

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