The seabed below the island is almost perfectly flat, made of hard Earth's crust. The islands were formed by lava that leaks from the seabed. The ocean floor below the island Hawaii is one of the hottest places in the world- the Hawaiian volcanoes are higher than the Himalayas. The highest mountain in the world- Mauna Loa (9,200 m) - steeply rises from the ocean floor but only 4169 m rise above the level of the Hawaii Island and therefore, the highest mountain in the world is considered Mount Everest.
A national park was established in the area of the active volcanoes on the island Hawaii in 1916- the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. It includes the world's two most intriguing volcanoes - Mauna Loa and Kilauea. Mauna Loa with its 120 km long and 103 km wide crater covers half of the island. Despite the heat penetrating from the volcano, its outer slopes are permanently covered with snow. Another significant volcano is Kilauea. It is the youngest volcano on the Hawaiian Islands but also the most active one in the world. There are three extinct volcanoes in the northern part of the island Hawaii– Mauna Kea, Kohala and Hualalai. The volcanic activity contributes to the growth of the local flourishing flora. Up to 90 % of plant species growing in the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park are unique to the island. That is one of the reasons, why it has been listed on the World Heritage List UNESCO.
The island Hawaii is known especially for its beautiful nature but also for the wide range of tourist services that it offers, which has made him a popular tourist resort. The most sought-after and the most beautiful beaches are located in the western part of the island, e.g. the famous Waikoloa Beach. The south of the island Hawaii is perfect for walks in barren moon-like surroundings on the edge of the Mauna Loa's crater, the desert Kau or tropical rain forest. One of the leading figures of the Hawaii Island was Captain Cook, who is commemorated by an obelisk in Cook's Bay. Other places of interest on the island Hawaii are the waterfalls Wailuku, Peepee or Rainbow near the largest city of the island- Hilo, where the international airport is located. About 12 kilometers north of the city Hilo, there is a charming botanical garden. Hawaii is a paradise for nature, sun-bathing and swimming lovers as well as for snorkel drivers, scuba divers and surfers. .