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Dura-Europos are the ruins of a Hellenistic, Roman and Parthian border town lying on the banks of the river Euphrates. It is situated on the right bank of the river, near the village Salhiyé, approximately 40 km from the city Abu Kamal in Syria
. Dura-Europos was an important place where the cultures of three empires blended. It was founded in 303 BC on the trade route along the banks of the Euphrates River. Dura-Europos was built according to the Hippodamian model with rectangular blocks around the central square. During the Hellenistic era, Dura-Europos monitored the trade route between the cities Antioch and Seleucia. During the 2nd century BC, Dura-Europos got under the dominion of the Parthian Empire, and it served as a border fortress. In 165 AD, it was conquered by the Romans, and later after the siege of the Sassanians between 256 and 257 AD, it was abandoned. Dura-Europos used to be a cosmopolitan city controlled by the Macedonian aristocracy. The excavations have revealed hundreds of parchments and scrolls with Greek, Roman, Hebrew and Latin texts. A Jewish synagogue, a few temples, shrines, tombs and military buildings have remained preserved in Dura-Europos. The synagogue unearthed in 1932 is one of the best preserved ancient synagogues. Initially, it was regarded as a Greek temple. However, during the disclosure of the frescos in the courtyard, frescos showing scenes from the Bible and a Torah shrine were discovered.
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Last update: Oct 19, 2012 7:25:30 PM