|Lach und Schiessgesellschaft||15km|
|Reste der Stadtmauer||17km|
|Fundament alter Brücke||49km|
Dachau Concentration Camp was among the first concentration camps opened just two months after Adolf Hitler became the Reich Chancellor of Germany (March 20, 1933) . The concentration camps was used for arresting of opponents of the Nazi regime and for liquidation of people who did not suit the Nazis from racial or other reasons. During the first months, mainly Jews and political opponents of the Nazi regime in Germany were brought to Dachau. These imprisoned people were forced to work under inhuman conditions, and soon died for complete exhaustion, serious disease or starvation.
Theodor Eicke became the camp commander after four months of its operation. He was a villain, fully committed to Hitler's vision of the clean human race. He developed a camp order which was later disseminated in other concentration camps. Like other camps, Dachau Concentration Camp has become the center of mass killing. Prisoners were tortured and killed without mercy. There are records of horror experiments and unimaginable cruelty. Due to advantageous location near the industrial factories producing weapons in Germany , Dachau Concentration Camp was not provided with a gas chamber. Instead, the prisoners were being used as slave labor in the factories. These people were dying due to exhaustion and starvation. Whenever the Dachau Concentration Camp was overcrowded, the "redundant people" i.e. those who were not capable to work k were transported to Auschwitz, where they were immediately murdered.
Compared with the camp Auschwitz , in Dachau Concentration Camp "only" some 30,000 people died. However, an unknown number of people was transferred to other concentration camps, where they were systematically murdered. The U.S. Army liberated Dachau Concentration Camp on 29 April 1945. At present, the site and the memorial to the victims of the Nazi regime is accessible to public.