|Haus zum Haus||25km|
The area is an interesting example of the development and the decline of the mining industry in the course of the last 150 years. It is a unique, architecturally interesting complex, where you can get to know everything about mining and coal processing. The mine premises are considered as the largest of its kind in Europe . Since 2001, it has been the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site.
The first coal mine was established in this locality in 1847. Mining activities were running from 1851 until 1986. The local mine "Shaft 12", which was opened in 1932, is believed to be the technical and architectural jewel. Therefore, this mine is often referred as the "most beautiful coal mine in the world." The Zollverein coal mine and coking plant Zollverein was in operation from the 1950s. The coking plant was closed in 1993.
The Coal mine Zollverein in Essen is now open to public. The premises are used for various corporate events, product presentations and business, exhibitions, conferences, banquets, receptions, wedding ceremonies, etc. Among the most interesting parts of the complex are the entrance tower, also called the "Eiffel Tower of the Ruhr Area", and the former boiler shop premises which were modernized in the 1990s by a British architect Lord Norman Foster. There is also an interesting three-storey Red Dot Design Museum which brings together industrialists, politicians, artists and managers operating in culture. The museum features large and unusual exhibitions of modern design and the Coal mine Zollverein in Essen is considered as an important center of the world art and culture. The locality is being developed even further. For example, a new attraction was launched: you can ride down into the underground passages and have a first-hand experience from the environment of coal mining.