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Carnuntum used to be an important city on the northern border of the Roman Empire. Around the time of the year 0, during its brightest heydays, some 50,000 people lived here. Excavations of numerous artifacts have proved that the city was a very significant trading and military centre. We can even see great examples of unique building constructions, like advanced house heating. The houses were heated by a special tunnel under the floor from which the heated air rose through hollow bricks up the walls and and leaked out just below the roof. Many floors were preserved and they vary from room to room.
Carnuntum was a capital city of the Upper Pannonia province. A pagan gate called Heidentor and two amphitheatres were preserved in Carnuntum. One of them is still used on the occasions of gladiator game spectacles in summer. There is even a small museum featuring the gear and clothing of gladiators by the amphitheatre. Summer camps for children are being held in this place to introduce them to the life of the Romans. A large spa is an interesting sight, a sauna used to be a part of it. Two ordinary houses are situated in Carnuntum as well. The first one was a house of Lucius, the fabric merchant. The house holds some of the equipment that the ancient Romans used. The second house belonged to a very rich family. It is a lot larger than the merchant’s house. A museum of nature resides inside the house today. It is however important to note that the houses were newly constructed but strictly according to the ancient Roman’s instructions.
Several tents are situated in the complex. Examples of Roman fashion and school equipment can be seen inside, as well as you can even play one of the Roman games. Three special rooms hold local excavations of numerous artifacts. They are sculptures, busts, altars, maps, parchment scrolls, drawing compasses, dishes, cutlery, jewelry, clothing, weapons, coins, medical equipments and a lot more. Carnuntum offers a true historical experience to lovers of ancient history.