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Cairo: Travel guide - tips for trips, the best restaurants, tourism


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Rail Museum0.4km
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Tourist information and destination rating

Category: Cities, Local time: 22:53:17, Address: 1191Corniche El Nil, Cairo, Egypt, Tel.: +20 2 25808000, Official WWW website:

Cairo is the capital and the most significant destination of Egypt. It is found in the northern part of country,at the crossroads of important transport routes. This nice city is proud of rich history and various tourist attractions.

Pros

nice people
clean metro
nice weather
delicious meals
bustling destination
splendid sceneries
inexpensive

Cons

uncomfortable summer temperature
overcrowded
chilly in winter
language barrier

Suitable for

business
shopping
history
nightlife
cruises
study
active vacation
nudists
health tourism
romantic vacation
sport tourism

Why to go there?

old&new architecture
skyscrapers
political centre
historical centre
religious monuments

Transportation and means of transport

railway
air
metro
trams
international airport

business travel (industry)

automobile
food processing
music
IT


Information and Facts

GPS: 30.0661, 31.2492
Altitude: 25 m
Population: 6 8,00 ,000
Foundation (year): 100
Is is the capital?: Yes
Last update: Oct 22, 2012 7:18:23 AM

Cairo: Reviews

Show the reviews:
 Aura: 79Reviews: 470Aug 31, 2011 10:25:21 AM
Cairo is the capital city of Egypt . It is located in the north-eastern part of Egypt , on the right bank of the Nile River and at the side of the Nile delta. The city forms a cultural border between Africa , Asia and Europe . Due to its significant position in the history, Cairo is nicknamed the Mother of the World. Cairo is the most populous city in Africa. In 2006, its population was over 8 million.

History

Cairo was founded in the 10th century A.D. The site had been settled several thousand years ago, though. Not far from today´s Cairo, there was the city of Mennofer, formerly the capital of the Old Egypt Empire. In the times of the ancient Romans and Byzantines, there used to be a fort called Babylon, surrounded with a Christian city. In 641, the first Arabian city was built in Egypt - Fustat. Between 750 and 905, near Fustat a new residential site was founded, and it was called al-Khatah. During the period 969 to 1171, a new quarter was founded near Fustat. It was named Misr al- Qáhira (Victorious City) . In 1136, during the crusade period, Fustat was destroyed and the centre of Egypt was moved to Cairo. Between 1250 and 1517, Cairo was the caliphate residence, and there numerous significant monuments from this period in Cairo. From 1517 until the beginning of the 19th century, Cairo was included in the Ottoman Empire. Since the beginning of the 19th century, the city has been greatly developing.

Parts of the city

The oldest part of Cairo is the downtown. The bank of the Nile River is lined with modern skyscrapers and luxurious hotels. Nowadays Cairo is connected with Giza, the site where world-famous pyramids are located. The oldest part of the city is the Islamic Cairo. It is bordered with a part of original fortification with three gates - Bab Zuwajlou, Bab al-Futuh a Bab an-Nasr. Other significant buildings in this part of the city are: Al-Hakim Mosque, Mosque - Mausoleum Zaynab, the historic Mamluk house named Bajt Suhajmi and the most famous mosque in Cairo called Al-Azhar. It was built in 970. In 988, it was supplemented with a university, now considered as the oldest operating university in the world. The very centre of the Islamic Cairo is the largest bazaar in Africa - Khan El-Khalili, with the remnants of the original bazaar from 1382. The Islamic Cairo was declared the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979.

Citadel

The Citadel, situated at the foot of the Mukkatam hill, was founded in 1176. Until the second half of the 19th century, it served as the seat of Egyptian rulers. Its most interesting parts are the Alabaster Mosque, mosques built under the sultan Al-Nasir Muhammad, and Suleyman Mosque.

Interesting places

Among other attractions in Cairo, there are, for example, the archaeological site named Heliopolis, the Cairo Tower, the South City of the Dead, the Coptic Cairo and the Mosque of Ibn Tulun.

Oldest mosque

The Ibn Tulun Mosque is the oldest working mosque in Cairo. It was built between 876 and 879.

Cairo Tower

The Cairo Tower, which is a 186 m tall observation and TV tower, is shaped as a lotus plant.

Cities of the Dead

The monuments in the former cemeteries originate from the period of 11th to 13th century. The most interesting of them is the Mosque of Sayida Nafis with a caliph tomb, the Mausoleum and the Hosh Al-Basha. The North City of the Dead includes three parts where Mamluk sultans are buried.

Coptic Cairo

The Coptic Cairo is the Christian quarter on the site of the Babylon Fortress. There is a Greek monastery with St. George Church and churches dedicated to Virgin Mary, St. Barbara and St. Sergius. In the Coptic part of the city, there is the oldest preserved Egyptian synagogue (Ben Ezra Synagogue) . It was founded in 827.

Culture and education

There are universities, colleges and several museums in Cairo. On the site of former harem, there is National Military Museum now. In 1858, the Museum of Egypt was founded. It presents valuable collections of Old Egypt art. Another frequently visited attraction is the Zoological Garden.

Cities around

Cairo (0km)Giza (7km)

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