The Alamo was built in 1718 by Spanish missionaries, who named it San Antonio de Valero. The Alamo is best known for the Battle of the Alamo. Only 192 Texans defended the fort from thousands of Mexican soldiers under the command of general Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. The battle took place in 1836 and was one of the battles of the Texas Independence War. The records say that all defenders but for two were killed. As for the Mexicans, 400-600 of them died. Later, the rest of the Mexican army was scattered and Texas gained independence from Mexico. The mission church, where the defenders' commanders died, is now the symbol of Texas.
Today, the Alamo is a museum and the main tourist attraction of the city of San Antonio . It attracts over 4 million tourists every year. The museum is situated in the former barracks. There are paintings, weapons and other exhibits from the period of the revolution in Texas. The fort and the buildings are surrounded by a vast maintained park. There is a granite memorial dedicated to the defenders of the Alamo in front of the fort.